How Do Electric Bikes Work?

Electric bikes, also known as e-bikes, have become the talk of the town. Electric bike sales have continued to surge since the COVID-19 pandemic, thereby sparking the curiosity of many people. Today, more people than ever are keen to give them a try.

If you’re considering purchasing an electric bike, you may be wondering, “how does an electric bike work?” In fact, this is one of the frequently asked questions about electric bikes.

Here at HOVSCO E-Bikes, we take pride in being the connoisseurs of all things electric bikes, so we understand how the bikes work. We offer a wide range of electric bikes, e-scooters, and accessories such as fenders, racks, headlights, LCD display kits, taillights, batteries & chargers, baskets, and more.

In this article, we will explain how electric bikes work and answer some of the frequently asked questions about e-bikes.


What Is An Electric Bike?

As the name implies, an electric bike is equipped with an electric motor that provides additional power to assist the rider's pedaling. The motor gets its power from a rechargeable battery mounted on the e-bike. Unlike regular bikes, e-bikes offer a unique blend of human power and electric propulsion, making riding the bike less taxing. An electric bike is a regular pushbike at its heart, except that an electric e-bike consists of additional components like a motor, a battery, and a sensor—all seamlessly integrated into the design.

How Does An Electric Bike Work?

An electric bike operates through a combination of human pedaling power and electric motor assistance. The electric motor on an electric bike can be activated in different ways. Some models have a pedal-assist system that senses the rider's pedaling force and provides proportional assistance. As you pedal an e-bike, the motor kicks in, amplifying your effort and making pedaling less strenuous. The pedal-assist system allows riders to go faster and conquer challenging terrain with ease.

Other e-bikes rely on a throttle system to propel the bike forward.  A throttle system allows the rider to control the motor independently of pedaling. By twisting or pushing a throttle, the electric motor engages and propels the bike forward without the need for pedaling.

Electric bikes come with a rechargeable battery that powers the electric motor. The battery capacity determines the range or distance an e-bike can cover on a single charge. Depending on the model, battery placement can vary, with options including frame-integrated batteries or external ones mounted on racks or down tubes.

Electric Bike Components

The following are the key component of an electric bike:

  • Electric Motor

Electric bikes are equipped with an electric motor that turns electrical energy from the battery into mechanical power to propel the bike forward. The motor is powered by a rechargeable battery and provides assistance to the rider.

  • Battery

The battery stores electrical energy and is usually mounted on the frame or integrated into the design. The battery can be charged by plugging it into a power source.

  • Pedal-Assist System

Some electric bikes are equipped with a pedal-assist system that offers motorized assistance. When you start pedaling an e-bike, sensors detect the motion and send signals to the electric motor, activating it to provide assistance. The amount of assistance can often be adjusted through different power levels or modes.

  • Throttle Control

Some types of electric bikes utilize a throttle control to move the bike forward without the need to pedal. The throttle mode provides full power on-demand with no automatic pedal assistance involved. It allows the rider to activate the electric motor by twisting a handlebar-mounted throttle, without the need for pedaling.

  • Sensors

Electric bikes have two types of sensors—speed sensors and torque sensors. Speed sensors monitor the e-bike's speed, while torque sensors measure the force applied by the rider. These sensors provide feedback to the motor, enabling it to adjust its power output based on the rider's pedaling effort and desired level of assistance. The boost you get when riding an e-bike is made possible by the sensor.

  • Display and Controls

Electric bikes often have a display panel mounted on the handlebars, displaying information such as speed, battery level, distance traveled, and power mode. You can access controls on the display or handlebars to adjust settings or activate specific features.

What Types Of Electric Bike Are There?

There are 6 main types of electric bikes:

  1. Pedal Assist Electric Bikes: Also known as pedelec bikes, pedal assist e-bikes feature a sensor system that detects the rider's pedaling motion and activates the electric motor to provide an additional boost.
  2. Throttle Controlled Electric Bikes: As the name suggests, these e-bikes allow the rider to control the electric motor's assistance without the need for pedaling. These e-bikes feature a throttle mechanism, similar to those found on motorcycles or scooters, which can be operated by hand.
  3. Mountain Electric Bikes: Mountain e-bikes are built for off-road adventures and tackling rugged terrain. They come with robust frames, suspension systems, knobby tires, and powerful motors to assist riders in conquering steep inclines and challenging trails.
  4. Hybrid Electric Bikes: Hybrid e-bikes combine features of road bikes and mountain bikes, offering versatility for various riding conditions. These bikes are a good choice if you’re looking for something that offers a mix of speed, comfort, and the ability to tackle both paved roads and light off-road trails.
  5. Mid-Drive Electric Bikes: Also known as mid-motor electric bikes, mid-drive electric bikes have the electric motor located near the bike's bottom bracket. These e-bikes are favored by riders who prioritize performance, efficiency, and versatility.
  6. Hub-Drive Electric Bikes: Unlike mid-drive e-bikes where the motor is positioned near the bike's bottom bracket, hub-drive e-bikes have the motor integrated directly into the wheel. These bikes are popular for their simplicity, ease of use, and straightforward maintenance. Hub-drive e-bikes are suitable for various riding purposes, including commuting, leisurely rides, and urban exploration.

At HOVSCO E-Bikes, we can help you understand the different types of electric bikes available on the market and the pros and cons of each type of electric bike. If you’re unable to decide the type of e-bike to purchase, our experts can walk you through the available options and help you make an informed choice.

What Range Does An Electric Bike Have?

The range of an electric bike refers to the distance it can travel on a single full battery charge. The range can vary significantly depending on several factors, including battery capacity, e-bike class & power, ride input, riding conditions, assistance level, and bike weight & load. Most modern electric bikes can have a range of 20 to 100 miles or more on a single charge, depending on the factors mentioned above. For example, HOVSCO HovBeta 20" foldable fat tire electric bike by HOVSCO E-Bikes has a range of up to 60 miles on one charge, while the HOVSCO HovAlpha 26" electric fat tire bike offers up to 80 miles per charge on pedal-assist mode and around 60 miles on pure electric power mode. If you’re looking for high-quality electric bikes that offer an impressive range, we invite you to visit HOVSCO E-Bikes and browse through our impressive range of electric bikes.

How Do You Charge An Electric Bike?

Charging an electric bike is super simple - just like charging a mobile phone or laptop. Simply take the charger provided with your e-bike and plug it into a suitable power outlet. Then, carefully insert the charging connector into the charging port on the bike. If your e-bike has a removable battery, follow the manufacturer's instructions in the user manual. Typically, it takes from 2 to 8 hours to charge an electric bike, depending on the make and model of your electric bike, battery capacity, charger specifications, and battery charge level. While the battery is charging, it's advisable to periodically check the charger and battery to ensure everything is functioning correctly.  

Advantages Of Electric Bikes

If you’re looking to buy an electric bike, you may be wondering if electric bikes are worth the investment. The truth is, an electric bike is a great purchase. Here are some of the advantages of electric bikes:

  • Easy to operate
  • Faster and safe
  • E-bikes are environmentally friendly
  • Come in a wide variety of designs
  • E-bikes can improve fitness
  • E-bikes are a good alternative to cars
  • E-bikes are less strenuous

If you’ve been wondering, “how does an electric bike work?” we hope this guide helps you understand how these bikes work and how they are different from regular bikes.

Need An Electric Bike? Welcome To HOVSCO E-Bikes

Here at HOVSCO E-Bikes, we pride ourselves on offering superior-quality e-bikes that are guaranteed to last. We offer a wide range of HOVSCO SERIES e-bikes, including off-road bikes, mountain e-bikes, folding e-bikes, cargo e-bikes, and more. We also offer a comprehensive range of electric bike accessories, such as fenders, racks, kickstands, LCD display kits, taillights, headlights, and more. Our e-bikes come with a warranty, and our prices are reasonable. If you’ve been searching for electric bikes, welcome to HOVSCO E-Bikes and explore some of the incredible options that we offer.

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