You should regularly check your bike tires for embedded glass, rock debris, and other sharp objects, especially after riding a route with a lot of debris. The embedded items may not cause a puncture immediately, but will slowly pass through the tire and eventually do so. To remove these debris, use your fingernails or gadgets. Before we also described in detail how to fix a flat tire, and introduced the steps to repair a tire in detail.
Tire sidewalls and tread should be regularly inspected for excessive wear, damage, dryness or cracks. Any of these symptoms increases the risk of a puncture. Consult a cycling professional at a local REI or other reputable bike shop if you're unsure about the condition of your tires.
It is useful because you can use it to repair a flat tire or to prevent future flats. Squeeze a bit of sealant through the valve stem and coat the inside of the tube. If a small hole or cut occurs, the sealant quickly fills it and creates a plug that may outlast the tube or tire around it.
A preventive approach to flat tires is provided by some tubes that come pre-slimed (with either Schrader or Presta valves). The tubes are typically thicker, thorn-resistant varieties that, when injected with Slime, offer an excellent flat-avoidance strategy.
What are the downsides of sealants? It can be messy to install some, and sealants alone won't protect against large cuts or gashes.
A tire liner is a thin strip of plastic that fits between the tire and the tube. The extra layer greatly reduces the chances of puncture flats by thorns, glass, and other sharp objects. Liners are popular and work well, but they do add six ounces of weight. In high performance tires, the weight of your tires contributes significantly to your rolling resistance. Liners, however, might be worth the weight if you live in an area with lots of thorns or road debris.
Puncture-resistant Tires and Tubes
You can also change out your tires for ones designed to resist flats. The tires will not feel as fast as standard bike tires, but bike commuters tell us they experience flats much less frequently when using them.
What does that mean? Many tire makers use aramid fiber belts (such as the well-known Kevlar® brand) to resist punctures; others simply stiffen the tread. Tires with these characteristics are marketed under a variety of proprietary names, including Serfas Flat Protection System, Continental Safety System, Michelin ProTek reinforcement system, and so on. These tires are relatively heavy, which reduces pedaling efficiency.
Lastly, use thorn-resistant tubes. These are just thicker (and heavier) versions of conventional tubes.Also pay attention to daily maintenance, you can refer to this article: 4 Things You Can Do to Avoid Flats, I hope to ride with Hovsco, I wish you a happy ride!