Electric Road Bikes: What Are They and How Do They Work? HOVSCO

Electric Road Bikes: What Are They and How Do They Work?

Are you passionate about cycling but hate pedaling?

We’ve found you a goddess!

But before you know what it is, please tell me, do you relate to that feeling when you are on the road cruising, but looking up at a hill, you suddenly wish you'd played chess instead?

Daunting may indeed be an understatement.

But did you know that you only needed an electric road bike?

I can hear you mumbling, “Where were you to deliver these news a bit earlier?”

I know.

But don’t despair. You are still among the early birds.

So, do hills pull you off while cycling? Is the safest route too far away? Do you have too many loads to carry?

Do you yearn for an extra touch of oomph on your rides?

Thanks to ebikes, cycling doesn’t have to be exhausting anymore. But before I tell you why, let’s learn a few concepts about these bikes.

Are you ready?

Grab a pack of chips because things are just starting to get interesting!

What Are Electric Bikes?

Electric road bikes, also called ebikes, pedelecs, and power-assisted bikes, are bicycles with added features like a motor, a battery, and a controller. These components are integrated into the design seamlessly to goose up your pedaling power.

Yes. That’s right.

Think of them as regular push bikes but with a power-up.

Electric road bikes are the modern alternative to cars for daily activities, including commuting, shopping, or cycling for leisure and fitness.

Please don't quote me wrong. I haven’t said you wouldn’t pedal anymore. You’ll still have to, but that extra electric push (or resistance) gives you a bit of stamina when trying to haul goods, surmount hilly terrains, or go long distances.

How do these electric road bikes achieve such epic functions?

Find out the answer in the next subtopic!

How Electric Bikes Work

The operation of an electric bike revolves around its three cardinal components—motor, battery, and a sensor.

The electric motor

A typical electric bike has a motor placed either at the center of the bicycle or on the front or rear hub. The engine is used to boost your pedaling ability. It converts electrical power to mechanical work, also called torque, which helps turn the wheels.

Torque development depends on the advancement of the motor design and its location on the bike. The more the torque, the more the power is delivered by the ebike. Therefore, always check the motor’s ratings before purchasing an ebike.


Batteries are used to dispense power to the motor. Some batteries are removable, but others need to be charged on the bike. Always check that flexibility. You can also unearth the different ways to power your bike’s battery from this article.

Most ebikes use lithium-ion batteries because they are quick to charge, hold more charge, and are long-lasting. However, a battery's capacity depends mainly on the bike's model. You can always check the power by analyzing the ampere-hours; the more the ampere-hours, the longer your e-bike can run.


Sensors monitor speed or torque to correlate the motor’s power output and prevent the bike from lurching forward.

A speed sensor watches how fast the bike moves and engages the motor to provide ride assistance.

The torque sensor measures your effort in pedaling and multiplies it with a multiplication factor to match the energy to the bike’s speed.

I bet you can answer that without hesitation.Let's now address the gorilla in the room: how does an ebike work?

When you engage the electric bike, power from the battery is transferred to the motor. A sensor will match your speed/effort to the motor's output power when you start pedaling. The engine will then convert its power to mechanical torque, which will assist you in turning the wheels. The harder you pedal, the more the strength. The motor will stop when you stop pedaling.

Electric bikes also have motor controllers to monitor the battery level and help you decide how much assistance you want. Some may also have a display unit, boost button, or a walk-assist mode.

How To Ride an Ebike

Electric road bikes are straightforward to operate. You power the motor, select the assistance level, and pedal!

You can operate an ebike in either of these three modes:

  1. Pedal Only

In this mode, you ride the bike with no electrical power.

Since there is no electric power, the motor doesn't create any resistance to help you with pedaling. Therefore, pedaling is just like any other conventional bicycle.

  1. Pedal-Assist (or Electric-Assist)

This mode takes advantage of both human and electric power; the motor generates power only after you start pedaling.

In pedal-assist mode, you always control the effort you want to exert while riding. You can choose from three levels of assistance—low(30%), medium(60%), or high(100%).

  • Throttle (or Electric-Only)

This mode allows the motor to do all the work without pedal support from your end. Please note that throttle ebikes are only appropriate for professionals. Some legal rules may not permit their usage. Further, federal regulations limit their operation to strictly 20 miles per hour.

From these operation modes, there are three classes of electric road bikes.

  • Class 1 ebikes have an electric drive system that can only activate after the pedaling action, and the motor assists the rider with pedaling only up to a speed of 20 MPH.
  • Class 2 ebikes resemble class 1 bikes but come with a twist/thumb throttle you can use to propel the bike without pedaling.
  • Class 3 ebikes provide motorized assistance to the rider to pedal at up to 28 MPH.

Be sure to single out the style that suits you best so that your ebike doesn't find a new home in tow or a second-hand bike store.

How Far Can Electric Bikes Go?

The average range of ebikes is between 25-50 miles on one charge. But different factors play along. They include:

  • The bike’s model/riding style
  • Power assistance from the motor
  • Battery’s capacity
  • Type of tires
  • Weather conditions & terrain

On the whole, ebikes are such a masterpiece.

Fifty miles in one charge without needing a spousal sag wagon?

I must commend that whoever is responsible for their invention deserves an Oscar or perhaps, a Nobel prize:)


Thinking About Buying an Ebike?

As technology advances, ebikes are getting more competitive and cost-effective. You have no absolute excuse for not owning one.

What are you still waiting for? 

Visit our website to check the chicest, trendy models of hovsco ebikes, which will give you nothing short of perfection!

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